Conjunctions are also called joining words. Conjunctions are used to join words or sentences.
Let’s have a look at the following sentences.
• Anusha and Ananya are playing together.
• He is playing but her sister is studying.
• Would you like to have tea or coffee?
• I like her because she is always cheerful.
In the above given sentences, words ‘and, but, or, because’ are conjunctions.
Let us learn some commonly used conjunctions.
And refers to in addition to and used when the statements are similar.
1. Monika and Kavya are cooking.
2. I like bread and butter.
But is used to show contrast in ideas.
1. I like tea but not coffee.
2. James is lazy but Jason is active.
Or is used to refer to one out of two options or possibilities.
1. A cup of tea or coffee
2. I will go swimming or hiking.
Because is used to show reason of an action.
1. I did not come to school because I was ill.
2. I did it because I felt it was my duty.
Fill in the blank with the most suitable option.
1) Hitesh likes juice ___ he does not like milk.
2) I got late _____ there was lot of traffic.
3) I will take a leave either today ____ tomorrow.
4) I was tired _____ I had been working all day.
5) Read the passage ____ answer the questions that follow.
6) The food is hot ____ delicious.
7) We can’t go out ____ it is raining.
8) It is very cold outside. You should wear a coat ___ a scarf.
9) Rohan is an intelligent boy ___ he does not work hard.
10) What do you prefer: reading _____ dancing?