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Verbs and Adverbs

Verbs and Adverbs

Definition of Verb

"

 

A verb is a word that describes an activity, action, state or existence. For e.g:

  • Children play in the park. (action)
  • Her hands are warm. (state)
  • The Taj Mahal is in Agra. (existence)

Types of Verb

  1. The main verb includes all the verbs that describe an action. The main verbs are of two types:
  • Transitive verbs are those which describes an action is being done over an object. For e.g:

        Naman is reading a novel.

        She plays football.

  • Intransitive verbs are those which describes an action done by the subject rather than the action on any object. For e.g:

        The baby is crying loudly.

        He walks very fast.

  1. The helping verb or auxiliaries are used with the main verb. These auxiliaries are further sub-divided into two parts:
  • Primary Auxiliaries are used to determine tenses, voices, negation, interrogation, etc. For e.g:

        Rahul did the job perfectly.

        They have played for six hours.

  • Modals are often used as a helping verb to form sentences that imply any permission, obligation, order, etc. Example: will, shall, can, could, should, must, might,

Conjugation of Verb 

Conjugation of a verb includes three principle form of the verb. They are present tense (original), past tense, past participle tense. Few examples are listed below.

 

           Present

              Past

       Past Participle

 

Add

 

Bore

 

Become

 

Bend

 

Blow

 

Do

 

Added

 

Bored

 

Became

 

Bent

 

Blew

 

Did

 

Added

 

Bored

 

Became

 

Bent

 

Blown

 

Done


Definition of Adverb

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An adverb is a word that is used to modify a verb, an adjective or an adverb. For e.g:

  • Mohit is a very careless driver.
  • Mohit drives carelessly.
  • Smita rides very carefully.

Types of Adverbs

  1. Adverbs of time are used to describe when an action is done.

Examples

  • I went to the doctor yesterday.
  • The train will arrive tonight.
  • Rahul left the party too early.
  1. Adverbs of Frequency tells how many times an action has been done.

    Examples

       I will go again.

      He frequently gets faint.

  • Adverbs of Place describes where an action has occurred.

Examples

          God is everywhere.

          Go inside and close the gate.

  1. Adverbs of Manner denotes in what way/manner an action has been done.

Examples

          She speaks German fluently.

          Rohan is working hard to stay fit.

  1. Adverbs of Degree tells us about the degree of a quality or an action. It is of three types:

  • Low Degree

          Examples: bit, little, least, slightly, etc.

  • Medium Degree

          Examples: fairly, sufficiently, rather, etc.

  • High Degree

          Examples: extremely, quite, too, etc.

  1. Adverbs of Reason describes why an action has taken place.

Examples

He has gained excess weight. So he started doing yoga.

  • Interrogative Adverbs are used to ask questions.

Examples

      Why are you late?

      How many students are present today?

  • Relative Adverbs are used for joining two sentences.

Example

         I know the reason why he stole my things.

        This is the place where we first met. 

 

Recap

  1. A verb is a word that describes an action, activity, state or existence.
  2. There are two types of the verb: main verb and helping verb/auxiliaries.
  • Main verb includes transitive and intransitive verb.
  1. Auxiliaries includes primary auxiliaries and modals.
  2. Conjugation of a verb tells about the tense of the verb.
  3. An adverb is a word that is used to modify a verb, adjective or an adverb.
  • There are seven kinds of adverbs: Adverbs of time, frequency, place, manner, degree, reason, interrogative adverbs, and relative adverbs.
  • Adverbs of Degree includes low degree, medium degree, and high degree.

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