Definition of Verb
A verb is a word that describes an activity, action, state or existence. For e.g:
- Children play in the park. (action)
- Her hands are warm. (state)
- The Taj Mahal is in Agra. (existence)
Types of Verb
- The main verb includes all the verbs that describe an action. The main verbs are of two types:
- Transitive verbs are those which describes an action is being done over an object. For e.g:
Naman is reading a novel.
She plays football.
- Intransitive verbs are those which describes an action done by the subject rather than the action on any object. For e.g:
The baby is crying loudly.
He walks very fast.
- The helping verb or auxiliaries are used with the main verb. These auxiliaries are further sub-divided into two parts:
- Primary Auxiliaries are used to determine tenses, voices, negation, interrogation, etc. For e.g:
Rahul did the job perfectly.
They have played for six hours.
- Modals are often used as a helping verb to form sentences that imply any permission, obligation, order, etc. Example: will, shall, can, could, should, must, might,
Conjugation of Verb
Conjugation of a verb includes three principle form of the verb. They are present tense (original), past tense, past participle tense. Few examples are listed below.
Definition of Adverb
An adverb is a word that is used to modify a verb, an adjective or an adverb. For e.g:
- Mohit is a very careless driver.
- Mohit drives carelessly.
- Smita rides very carefully.
Types of Adverbs
- Adverbs of time are used to describe when an action is done.
- I went to the doctor yesterday.
- The train will arrive tonight.
- Rahul left the party too early.
- Adverbs of Frequency tells how many times an action has been done.
I will go again.
He frequently gets faint.
- Adverbs of Place describes where an action has occurred.
God is everywhere.
Go inside and close the gate.
- Adverbs of Manner denotes in what way/manner an action has been done.
She speaks German fluently.
Rohan is working hard to stay fit.
- Adverbs of Degree tells us about the degree of a quality or an action. It is of three types:
Examples: bit, little, least, slightly, etc.
Examples: fairly, sufficiently, rather, etc.
Examples: extremely, quite, too, etc.
- Adverbs of Reason describes why an action has taken place.
He has gained excess weight. So he started doing yoga.
- Interrogative Adverbs are used to ask questions.
Why are you late?
How many students are present today?
- Relative Adverbs are used for joining two sentences.
I know the reason why he stole my things.
This is the place where we first met.
- A verb is a word that describes an action, activity, state or existence.
- There are two types of the verb: main verb and helping verb/auxiliaries.
- Main verb includes transitive and intransitive verb.
- Auxiliaries includes primary auxiliaries and modals.
- Conjugation of a verb tells about the tense of the verb.
- An adverb is a word that is used to modify a verb, adjective or an adverb.
- There are seven kinds of adverbs: Adverbs of time, frequency, place, manner, degree, reason, interrogative adverbs, and relative adverbs.
- Adverbs of Degree includes low degree, medium degree, and high degree.