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Synonyms Antonyms Homonyms And Homophones

Synonyms Antonyms Homonyms And Homophones

Synonyms

Finding out alternate words for any particular word and keeping them in mind can really increase your English vocabulary and its proficiency. These alternate words are what sum up to form a set of synonyms. If a sentence or a paragraph contains repetitive words then it is often not appreciated by the reader. In order to increase the readability of sentence(s), one must have a good practice of using synonyms. At the same time, one must also be very specific with the meaning of the synonym while using it in a sentence.

 

Definition of Synonym

In English, a synonym is an alternate word for any specific word that holds exactly the same or similar meaning. Any part of speech (common noun, adjective, adverb, first-person pronoun, etc) has its synonyms. Few examples are as follows:

  • People: folk, person, crowd, mob, public.
  • Outside: foreign, over, surface, outdoor, out.
  • She: lady, girl, femme, madam, gentlewoman.
  • Mad: absurd, mental, lunatic, fanatic, psychotic.

In the above examples, we have seen few synonyms of given words. As you can see, they are a common noun, an adverb, a pronoun, and an adjective respectively. Remember, you can never replace a proper noun with an alternate word(s). And also, you will find no synonym for a second-person or third-person pronoun, an indefinite article, etc. Likewise, you can find numerous word(s) by yourself, so, go ahead and start discovering such words that don’t have any synonym.

Antonyms

Since our kindergarten, all of us have been answering the question “Write the opposite word" or “Match the opposite word". These opposite words are what known as antonyms. In other words, antonyms are the words that have the opposite meaning of a particular word. Most of the antonyms are a totally new word than the given word. You can sometimes add either of the prefixes: im-X, un-X, or non-X to any given word (where X is any given word) in order to reflect the opposite meaning of that word in a sentence. There can be more than one antonym for any specific word.

Definition of Antonym

Antonyms in any dialect is a word that has the reverse or opposite meaning of any particular word. For example:

  • Good: bad, evil.
  • Loud: low, quite.
  • Proper:
  • Wanted: They abandoned the dog at the park. The dull actor tried to draw some unwanted attention from the audience.

Form the above few examples, we can now the determine the usage of an antonym depending on what the sentence is trying to imply.

Homonyms

Have you ever come across two different words with the same spelling and pronunciation but has been used at two different places having two different meanings? The answer is yes of course. There are many words that have more than one meaning, depending on where it has been used. Such words are known as homonyms.

 

Definition of Homonyms

Homonyms are those words that have more than one meaning despite being the same spelling and pronunciation. The meaning of the word depends upon where it has been used. Given below are a few examples that will make you understand more clearly:

  • The topper of the class addressed the inaugural speech. The postman couldn’t find the address.

In these two sentences, we can clearly differentiate the meaning of both the address used. The former is used to describe a verbal conversation and the later is used to describe one’s location.

  • She rose her voice against the discrimination. He gave his mother a rose on Mother’s Day.

Similarly, in this example also we can find two different situations where the term rose has been used but describing two different contexts. The former is used to describe to rise (in protest) and the later implies to a flower.

There are many more words that have multiple meanings. Some of them are fair, scale, suit, spruce, bark, band, mean, etc.

Homophones

Do you have any word or words in your mind right now, that sounds exactly the same but their spellings are very different? There are plenty of it, our - hour, wait - weight, ate – eight, too – two, etc. These words are known as homophones. Unlike homonyms, their meanings don’t depend on where they are being used.

Definition of Homophones

Homophones are two different words that are pronounced very similar but has different meanings. Their spellings are different. To clear your confusion, here are some examples listed below:

  • This is our. The train left the station an hour ago.

In the above two sentences, you can see that our and hour both are pronounced in a similar way. But their spellings differ from each other which makes them independent of their usage in any sentence(s).

  • We see through our eyes. I am a boy.

Here, the eye is a sense organ in human, whereas I stand for an individual.

Here are few other examples: flower – flour, hare – hair, ear – air, die – dye, him – hymn, etc.

Recap

  1. A synonym is an alternate word that has the same or similar meaning of any particular word.
  2. An antonym is an opposite word for any given word.
  3. A homonym is a word that has more than one meaning, depending on the contexts it is being used.
  4. Homophones are two different words that have different spellings but while pronouncing it, they sound similar.

Quiz for Synonyms Antonyms Homonyms And Homophones

Q.1

The children asked for "refuse" in their neighbor's house. The 'refuse' refer to:

a) food
b) protection
c) drink
d) help

Q.2

Shimla experienced a severe earthquake. The "tremor" brought down many buildings. The word 'tremor' refer to:

a) sound
b) thunder
c) noise
d) shiver

Q.3

"Sages" lived in the ancient days. The word 'sages' refer to:

a) people who work in forests
b) people who are wise spiritually
c) people who live for others
d) people who dare to save others

Q.4

'Melancholy' is for _______________ as in 'jubilant' is for happiness.

a) glow
b) brightness
c) sadness
d) goodness

Q.5

In the recent soccer tournament, the Tigers won the "victory". The Lions were ____________________. Fill in the blank with a suitable antonym of the quoted(" ") word.

a) reign
b) defeated
c) blocked
d) won

Q.6

The antonym of the word 'loss' from the business point of view:

a) profit
b) found
c) lost
d) get

Q.7

The doctor said that the surgery was a "major" one. He meant that it is not _________________. Write an appropriate antonym in the blank of the quoted (" ") word.

a) maximum
b) major
c) minor
d) made up

Q.8

The students "agreed" to be taken on a local excursion. What is the antonym of the quoted(" ") word?

a) oppose
b) accept
c) agree
d) angry

Q.9

People like to see "smiling" faces in the morning. No one would like to see a _______________ on the face. Fill in the blank with an appropriate antonym of the quoted(" ) word.

a) angry
b) powerful
c) strong
d) frown

Q.10

Ram won many trophies in sports and academics. He is "proud" of his achievements but he is very _________________. Fill in the blank with an appropriate antonym of the quoted(" ") word.

a) fumble
b) humble
c) tremble
d) grumble

Your Score: 0/10

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