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Antonyms and Synonyms

Antonyms and Synonyms

Synonyms

A synonym is a phrase or a word that means exactly or nearly the same as another word or phrase in the same language. A word having the same or nearly the same meaning as another in the same language, as happy, joyful.

One of two or more words of the same language that have the same or nearly the same meaning in some or all senses is described as a synonym. They are the words that are similar to another word. They can be lifesavers when you want to avoid repeating the same word again and again. Sometimes the word you have in mind might not be the most appropriate word, which is why finding the right synonym can be a lifesaver.

Here is a list of adjectives and their synonyms that are commonly used to describe people.

  • Beautiful: Attractive, Pretty, Lovely
  • Fair: Objective, Impartial, Unbiased
  • Funny: Humorous, Comical, Hilarious
  • Happy: Joyful, Mirthful, Upbeat
  • Honest: Honorable, Sincere, Trustworthy
  • Intelligent: Smart, Bright, Brilliant, Sharp
  • Introverted: Shy, Quiet, Withdrawn
  • Kind: Thoughtful, Considerate, Gracious
  • Lazy: Idle, Lethargic, Indolent
  • Mean: Unfriendly, Unpleasant, Bad-tempered
  • Rich:  Affluent, Wealthy
  • Strong: Stable, Solid, Tough
  • Unhappy:  Sad, Depressed, Miserable
  • Lucky:  Auspicious, Fortunate
  • Positive:    Optimistic, Cheerful, Sanguine

 

Antonyms

An antonym is a word that is the opposite meaning of another.

A word that has the exact opposite meaning of another word is its antonym. A word having opposite meaning to another. Fast is an antonym of slow. Life is full of antonyms, from the "stop" and "go" of a traffic signal to side-by-side restroom doors labeled "men" and "women" Most antonyms are pretty obvious, like "good" and "bad," or "black" and "white." Some words can be transformed into their antonyms simply by adding the prefixes "un," "in," or "non," as when "likable" is changed into its antonym, "unlikable." 

The word antonym itself takes the Greek word anti, meaning "opposite," and adds it to -onym, which comes from the Greek onoma, or "name." So antonym literally means "opposite-name."

 

Antonyms can be used to show a contrast between two things or give clues to exactly what is meant. Below are some examples of antonyms.

 

Recap

 

  • A synonym is a phrase or a word that means exactly or nearly the same as another word or phrase in the same language.
  • Lifesavers when you want to avoid repeating the same word again and again.
  • An antonym is a word that is the opposite meaning of another
  • A word that has the exact opposite meaning of another word is its antonym.

Quiz for Antonyms and Synonyms

Q.1

Fill in the blank by selecting the correct synonym of the word given in the bracket.

They all __________ his success. (encouraged)

a) Condemned
b) Disapproved
c) Dissuaded
d) Applauded

Q.2

Fill in the blank by selecting the correct synonym of the word given in the bracket.

According to all the traditions of romance it was necessary to _____ the death of Alexander. (avenge)

a) Cheer
b) Vindicate
c) Comfort
d) Forgive

Q.3

Fill in the blank by selecting the correct synonym of the word given in the bracket.

He would not listen to anyone who tried to _______ him to stay at home. (urge)

a) Persuade
b) Disenchant
c) Dissuade
d) Suppress

Q.4

Fill in the blank by selecting the correct synonym of the word given in the bracket.

He learned to _________ hunger and cold. (suffer)

a) Reject
b) Yield
c) Surrender
d) Endure

Q.5

Fill in the blank by selecting the correct synonym of the word given in the bracket.

They are forcing us to _______ them. (abolish)

a) Ratify
b) Exterminate
c) Build
d) Bear

Q.6

Fill in the blank by selecting the correct synonym of the word given in the bracket.

Attempts have been made to _______ these two Galilean sites, but without success. (merge)

a) Disjoin
b) Divide
c) Unify
d) Part

Q.7

Fill in the blank by selecting the correct synonym of the word given in the bracket.

He is very _____ about his father's wealth. (boastful)

a) Modest
b) Humble
c) Pompous
d) Grounded

Q.8

Fill in the blank by selecting the correct synonym of the word given in the bracket.

The budget was _______ by various donations. (enlarged)

a) Augmented
b) Abridged
c) Constricted
d) Abbreviated

Q.9

Fill in the blank by selecting the correct synonym of the word given in the bracket.

They are very easy to _______ and do not require lifting. (harvest)

a) Neglect
b) Destroy
c) Laze
d) Cultivate

Q.10

Fill in the blank by selecting the correct synonym of the word given in the bracket.

The guests began to __________, some without taking leave of Helen. (scatter)

a) Arrange
b) Accumulate
c) Disperse
d) Garner

Your Score: 0/10

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