Adjectives are words that describe or modify the noun/ pronoun in a sentence.
Asoka was a brave king.
In the above-mentioned sentence, ‘brave is an adjective which is modifying the noun ‘king.
Types of adjectives:
1) Adjective of quality
2) Proper adjective
3) Adjective of number
4) Demonstrative adjective
5) Distributive adjective
6) Interrogative adjective
7) Adjective of quantity
8) Possessive adjective
Degree of adjectives:
• Positive: It is used to describe the quality of noun.
E.g. Sally is a beautiful girl.
• Comparative: It is used when there is a comparison between two nouns or pronouns.
E.g. Elena is more beautiful than Sally.
• Superlative: When noun is shown as a superior out of a club or group, class etc.
E.g. Ellen is the most beautiful girl in our class.
Important rules for adjectives:
• The meaning of ‘some’ and ‘any’ is almost same, but ‘some’ is generally used in positive sentences whereas ‘any’ is used in negative and interrogative sentences.
E.g. I have some fruits. I don’t have any fruits.
• “Few, a few, and the few” are used with countable nouns and “little a little and the little” are used with uncountable nouns.
• Article ‘the’ is used before a superlative degree.
• If we are talking about the same noun or pronoun, ‘more + positive degree’ is used instead of ‘comparative degree’.
E.g. He is more wise than clever.
• There are some adjectives that take ‘to’ after them instead of ‘than’.
E.g. senior, junior, superior, inferior, prior, etc.
• There are some adjectives that are not used in comparative or superlative degree.
E.g. unique, round, complete, exterior, interior, excellent, perfect, etc.
• Order of adjectives: If adjective of size, colour, age, etc. come together in a sentence, they should be used in the following order:
|Opinion||Beautiful, lovely, extraordinary|
|Size||Big, large, small|
|Physical quality||Rough, tidy, thin|
|Shape||Square, round, rectangular|
|Colour||blue, red, pink|
|Origin||Dutch, Japanese, Turkish|
|Material||metal, wood, plastic|
|type||general-purpose, four-sided, U-shaped|
Fill in the blanks with the most suitable option.
1. The _______ bank is three miles from here.
2. Have you bought _______ fruits?
3. My cousin visits us ________ three days.
4. The doctor said his condition is critical. There is _______ hope of his recovery.
a. the little
c. a few
5. __________ remarks that he made were very important.
a. The few
c. The little
6. There is _________ milk in this bowl than that.
b. a little
d. a less
7. The condition of the patient is much ________ today.
8. No _______ than twenty students were in the class.
9. He arrived _________ than I had expected.
10. Deepak is junior _______ Dev in service.