Alert: You are not allowed to copy content or view source

Was this article Helpful?

Verbs and Phrasal Verbs

Verbs and Phrasal Verbs

Verb

  • The words which denote the state or actions are called as verbs
  • For Example –
  1. Jose takes the session today afternoon. (Takes is a verb)
  2. The college disqualified two students. (disqualified is a verb)

verbs

 

 

Types of verb

  1.  Transitive verbs
  • The verbs which take or show an object are called as transitive verbs.
  • Some transitive verbs are drunk, give, choose, eat, etc.
  • Example-
  • Mr. Jose takes the session today afternoon.
  • The session is the object, takes is the verb and Mr. Jose is the noun.
  • A noun, verb and an object make a complete sentence.
  1.  Intransitive verbs
  • The verbs which take or show an object are called as transitive verbs.
  • Some intransitive verbs are a stand, swim, sink, sit, grow, leave, etc.
  • Example- He walked slowly

Here, the verb walked does not need any object to complete the sentence.

  1.  Auxiliary verbs
  • When one verb helps the other verb to form its voice, tense or mood then that verb is called an Auxiliary verb.
  • Some auxiliary verbs are was, is, am, are, etc.
  • Example-
  • God resides in heaven (main)
  • He is praised by all (Auxiliary)
  1.  Modal verbs
  • Some modal verbs are should, shall, would, will, might, may, could, can, must, dare and ought.
  • Example –
  • He will help the old lady.
  • Joy can go home now.
  • A policeman must not be corrupted.
  • You ought to be alert.

Phrasal verb

  • A phrasal verb is said to be a combination of –
  1. A preposition and a verb
  2. An adverb and a verb
  3. A verb with both a preposition and an adverb
  • The meaning of the original verb and a phrasal verb is different.
  • In our everyday speech, we use phrasal verbs a lot.

phrasal

 

 

Transitive and Intransitive phrasal verbs

  1. Transitive phrasal verbs
  • There is always an object of transitive phrasal verb
  • Example –
  • Many students passed across the bridge.
  1.  Intransitive phrasal verbs
  • There is no object in this verb
  • Example –
  • When soya entered the staff room Joe looked up

Separable and Inseparable phrasal verbs

  1. Separable phrasal verbs
  • Inseparable phrasal verbs the object is between the particle and verb
  • Example –
  • He looked up the diagram in the book
  • He looked it up in the book
  • Sometimes the object can also come after or before the particle in the case of some separable verbs
  • Example –
  • Switch off the fan
  • Switch that off
  • Switch the fan off
  1. Inseparable phrasal verbs
  • Inseparable phrasal verbs the particles are followed by the objects.
  • Example –
  • She got on the train
  • Daily, we look after our parents

 

Recap

  • A phrasal verb is said to be a combination of –
  • Some modal verbs are should, shall, would, will, might, may, could, can, must, dare and ought.
  • When one verb helps the other verb to form its voice, tense or mood then that verb is called an Auxiliary verb.
  • The verbs which take or show an object are called as transitive verbs.
  • The verbs which take or show an object are called as transitive verbs.
  • The words which denote the state or actions are called as verbs
    • A preposition and a verb
    • An adverb and a verb
    • A verb with both a preposition and an adverb 

 

 

 

 

Quiz for Verbs and Phrasal Verbs

Q.1

Fill in the blanks using phrasal verbs.

She does not _____ with her mother-in-law.

a) Get off
b) Get away
c) Get along
d) Get down

Q.2

Fill in the blanks using phrasal verbs.

He ________ celibacy after he was bankrupt.

a) Took up
b) Left up
c) Left off
d) took out

Q.3

Each sentence given below contains an underlined word or phrase. Replace it with a phrasal verb that expresses the same idea.

The dog looked as if it was about to attack me.

a) The dog looked as if it was about to kill me.
b) The dog looked as if it was about to eat me.
c) Both a and b
d) The dog looked as if it was about to go for me.

Q.4

The teacher ______ 30________(teach) the lesson yesterday. Now he _______31________(ask) questions to see if the students have understood the lesson. As he _____32_____ (be) not satisfied with the answers, he ____33____ (repeat) the lesson tomorrow.

a) Was teaching
b) Is teaching
c) Teached
d) Taught

Q.5

Mark ____34____ (apply) for jobs ever since he passed his examination in March. Last month he ____35___ (appear) for an interview. He _____36_____ (wait) for the results. If he gets selected, he _____37______ (join) duty next month.

a) Has been appearing
b) Has been appeared
c) Has appeared
d) Appeared

Q.6

John ____38_____ (lie) in hospital for two weeks. We ____39____ (visit) him yesterday. He _____40____ (recover) completely. Most probably he _____ (come) to school next week.

a) Recovers
b) Is recovering
c) Has been recovering
d) Has recovered

Q.7

Fill in the blanks with proper past participle form of the following verbs.

Tread

a) Treaded
b) Trod
c) Trodden
d) Both B & C

Q.8

Fill in the blanks with proper past participle form of the following verbs.

Write

a) Written
b) Wrote
c) Writed
d) All of these

Q.9

Fill in the blanks with proper past participle form of the following verbs.

Strive

a) Strive
b) Strove
c) Striven
d) All of these

Q.10

Fill in the blanks with proper past participle form of the following verbs.

Shake

a) Shake
b) Shaked
c) Shook
d) Shaken

Your Score: 0/10

Other Chapters of Class 10

Euriosity

Facts

Did you know that 1 out of…...?

Word Find

Search interesting words related to Harry Potter…..!

 

 

  EXPLORE  

70%