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Voices and Narration

Voices and Narration

Voices and Narration

 Voices

  • The term which is used to tell whether the verb is active or passive is known as voice.
  • The verb is in passive voice in a passive sentence
  • The verb is in active voice in an active sentence.

voice

 

Active voice

  • If the action is performed by the subject then the verb is known to be in the active voice.
  • Example- The cat ate our food

(Cat is the subject and ate is the active verb. Subject did the verb)

Passive voice

  • If the action is done to the subject than the verb is known to be in the passive voice.
  • Example – Our food was eaten by the cat

(Our food is the subject and was eaten is the passive verb.)

Narration

  • It is an art which reports or records the words of the speaker.
  • There are two forms of narration-
  1. Direct speech
  2. Indirect speech

narration

 

 

  1. Direct Speech
  • The words by the speaker are placed in quotes.
  • Example- Sheena said, “She is not busy."

(Sheena is the reporter and said is the reporting verb, is not busy is the reported speech)

  1. Indirect speech
  • A simpler version is made from the words of the speaker in this speech.
  • Example – Sheena said that she was not busy then.

Rules to convert speech from direct to indirect

  1.  Reported speech and reported verb should be in sync.
  2.  Inverted commas should be replaced with the appropriate conjunction.
  3.  The pronoun of the reported speech should be changed carefully
  4.  The adverbs of the direct speech should be changed.

Rules of changing the pronoun

Nominative

Possessive

Objective

Reflexive

I

My

Me

Myself

We

Our

Us

Ourselves

You

Yours

You

Yourselves

He

His

Him

Himself

She

Her

Her

Herself

They

Their

Them

Themselves

Rule to change the pronoun

  • S for subject
  • O for object
  • N for no change

Some other changes to be taken care of

Here

Changes to

There

Now

Changes to

Then

This

Changes to

That

These

Changes to

Those

Today

Changes to

That day

Tonight

Changes to

That night

Yesterday

Changes to

The previous day

Last night

Changes to

The

Last week

Changes to

The previous week

Tomorrow

Changes to

The next day

Next week

Changes to

The following week

Ago

Changes to

Before

Thus

Changes to

So

Hence

Changes to

Thence

Hither

Changes to

Thither

Come

Changes to

Go

 

Recap

  • The term which is used to tell whether the verb is active or passive is known as voice.
  • The verb is in passive voice in a passive sentence.
  • The verb is in active voice in an active sentence.
  • If the action is performed by the subject then the verb is known to be in the active voice.
  • If the action is done to the subject than the verb is known to be in the passive voice.
  • It is an art which reports or records the words of the speaker.

Quiz for Voices and Narration

Q.1

Convert into passive voice:

Her father taught me anatomy.

a) I am taught anatomy by her father.
b) I had been anatomy by her father.
c) I was taught anatomy by her father.
d) None of these

Q.2

Convert into passive voice:

The girl killed the cockroach.

a) The cockroach is killed by the girl.
b) The cockroach has killed by the girl.
c) The cockroach was killed by the girl.
d) None of these

Q.3

Convert into passive voice:

Is she writing a letter?

a) Is a letter being written by her?
b) Is a letter written by her?
c) Is a letter been written by her?
d) None of these

Q.4

Convert into passive voice:

Have you finished the assignment?

a) Have the assignment been finished by you?
b) Has the assignment been finished by you?
c) Has the assignment finished by you?
d) Has the assignment being finished by you?

Q.5

Convert into passive voice:

Did they break the window?

a) Is the window broken by them?
b) Was the window been broken by them?
c) Was the window broken by them?
d) Was the window being broken by them?

Q.6

Convert into passive voice:

Is he eating a banana?

a) Was a banana being eaten by them?
b) Was a banana been eaten by them?
c) Is a banana being eaten by him?
d) Was a banana eaten by them?

Q.7

Convert into passive voice:

Where will she meet him?

a) Where is he met by her?
b) Where was he met by her?
c) Where will he be met by her?
d) None of these

Q.8

Convert into passive voice:

A car hit me.

a) I am hit by a car.
b) I was hit by a car.
c) I was been hit by a car.
d) I was being hit by a car.

Q.9

Convert into active voice:

He was hurt by your voice and manner.

a) Your voice and manner hurt him.
b) Your voice and manner is hurting him.
c) Your voice and manner has hurt him.
d) Your voice and manner have hurt him.

Q.10

Convert into active voice:

She was punished by the head mistress for talking in class.

a) The headmistress punishes her for talking in class.
b) The headmistress has punished her for talking in class.
c) The headmistress punished her for talking in class.
d) The headmistress is punishing her for talking in class.

Your Score: 0/10

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