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Tenses

Tenses

Tenses

Tenses are used to show the time of action in a sentence.

Tenses have been categorised into 3 parts:-

  • Present Tense
  • Past Tense
  • Future Tense

As the name suggests,

  • Present Tense is used when the time of action is of present.
  • Past Tense is used when the time of action is of past.
  • Future Tense is used when the time of action is of future.

Further, all 3 tenses have been divided into Indefinite, Continuous, Perfect, Perfect Continuous. Below are details of each:-

  1. Present Tense
  • Present Indefinite:- It is used to describe: habitual actions things that happen always on fixed time, general statement, permanent situations.

Sub. + es/s + V1 + Obj.

  • Present Continuous:- It is used for describing an action in progress and continuity of action while the time of speaking.

Sub. + is/am/are + V4 + Obj.

  • Present Perfect:- It is used for describing an action that is completed just now.

Sub. + has/have + V3 + Obj.

  • Present Perfect Continuous:- It is used for describing an action that started in the past and is continuing till now.

Sub. + has/have + been + V4 + Obj.


  1. Past Tense
  • Past Indefinite:- It is used to describe actions that happened in the past.

Sub. + V2 + Obj.

  • Past Continuous:- It is used to describe actions that were happening at some point of time in past.

Sub. + was/were + V4 + Obj.

  • Past Perfect:- It is used to describe actions that were completed in past.

Sub. + had + V3 + Obj.

  • Past Perfect Continuous:- It is used to describe actions that were continuing in the past for a given period of time.

Sub. + had been + V4 + Obj.


  1. Future Tense
  • Future Indefinite:- It is used to describe actions that are going to happen in future.

Sub. + will/shall + V1 + Obj.

  • Future Continuous:- It is used to describe actions that will continue in the future.

Sub. + will/shall + be + V4 + Obj.

  • Future Perfect:- It is used to describe actions that will be completed in future.

Sub. + will/shall + have + V3 + Obj.

  • Future Perfect Continuous:- It is used to describe actions that have started and will continue to happen for a period of time in future.

Sub. + will/shall + have been + V4 + Obj.

Recap

  • Tenses are used to show the time of action in a sentence.
  • Tenses have been categorised into 3 parts, namely; Present, Past & Future.
  • They are further divided into; Indefinite, Continuous, Perfect, Perfect Continuous.

Quiz for Tenses

Q.1

Fill in the blanks with the appropriate verbs:

Since the new market ______ I _____my shopping there.

a) Opened, am doing
b) Has opened, have doing
c) Has opened, am doing
d) Opened, have done

Q.2

Fill in the blanks with the appropriate verbs:

Salsa _______ to Singapore last Monday.

a) Have gone
b) Was going
c) Went
d) Had gone

Q.3

Fill in the blanks with the appropriate verbs:

I _______ 600 Kms from peter street.

a) Am driving
b) Drove
c) Drive
d) Have driven

Q.4

Fill in the blanks with the appropriate verbs:

They sold the car as it _______ old.

a) Has been
b) Was
c) Is being
d) Was being

Q.5

Fill in the blanks with the appropriate verbs:

He_________ then that they _______ wrong.

a) Told, were
b) Told, have been
c) Was telling, were
d) Was telling, have been

Q.6

Fill in the blanks with the appropriate verbs:

I asked him what his name ________.

a) Has been
b) Is being
c) Was
d) Was being

Q.7

Fill in the blanks with the appropriate verbs:

School ________ a place where learning ______place

a) Is, will take
b) Is, takes
c) Will be, will take
d) Will be takes

Q.8

Fill in the blanks with the appropriate verbs:

Nina has a cow that ______ enormous quantities of milk.

a) Gives
b) Is giving
c) g
d) Gave

Q.9

Fill in the blanks with the appropriate verb:

He______ me that I ____ wrong.

a) Tells, am
b) Tells, was
c) Told, am
d) Told, was

Q.10

Fill in the blanks with the appropriate verbs:

I heard that there _______ a distrubance in town last night.

a) Is
b) Was
c) Has been
d) Is being

Your Score: 0/10

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