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Search for and retrieve information from various text types like News reports, Blurb, Dictionaries, etc.

Search for and retrieve information from various text types like News reports, Blurb, Dictionaries, etc.

 

What is Text?

Any object that can be read is called text. Its data is in the form of words or alphabetic characters. It may be a written piece or printed material regarded as conveying a form of a particular work.

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Types of text

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<p><span style=A text can come in any form and be of any kind of writing. Letters, advertisements, user guides, emails, postcards, notes, magazine articles etc are all different types of texts. For example:

  • An advertisement is used to persuade or encourage you buy something.
  • The user guide is an instructive document that gives people assistance on how to use something (like software or a machine).
  • Emails are messages transported by electronic means from one computer to another.
  • A formal or business letter may be used to inform about a board meeting.
  • A personal letter or email is descriptive and might be written by friend or family member describing a holiday.

Writing is done for a number of different purposes and different audience. These different forms of texts are known as text types. They are broadly classified as:

  1. Descriptive text is a text that tells us about what a person, place or thing is like. Its purpose is to describe and disclose about any particular object. This kind of writing creates an impression in the mind of the reader about an occasion, a particular place, or a person. For example:
  • Literature: it is considered a single body of written work which consists of prose, poetry, plays etc
  • Poetry: poetry is a written work which expresses a person’s opinion, mood, thoughts and feelings by the use of distinctive style or rhythm.
  • Articles: descriptive articles include essays or accounts describing something in particular.
  • Blurbs: a blurb is another descriptive style of writing used for promotional purposes and is a short description of any play, book, movie, or documentary

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  1. Narrative text: narration is the telling of an account in a chronological order. It is the succession of events in a sequential order that is meant to hold a reader’s interest. While narrations are often fictional, they can be based on facts.
  • Autobiography: an autobiography is an account of a person’s life written by the person. Autobiographies are subjective in nature and uses a narrative style of writing by narrating the events in a date wise order.
  • Stories: stories can be fictional or non-fictional. They are the product of one’s imagination. Stories are a narrative form of writing which tells or recounts something in a casually linked form of events.
  • Legends & myths: legends and myths are another narrative style of texts. These have very little to no evidence to support its reality. It's not accurate. Myths are often seen as narratives used to explain characters, experiences or religious or spiritual beliefs. 

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<p style= Expository text: this types of texts aim at It is intended to explain or describe something. The word “expository" comes from the word expose which is basic purpose of this text. This type of writing includes essays, newspaper and magazine articles. Expository writings differ from poetry or prose.

  • Dictionary: dictionaries often known as wordbooks are a collection of words and their meaning in alphabetical order. Along with meaning, it includes a word’s pronunciation, definition, usage and translations. It is categorized under expository text as it explains or ‘exposes’ a word's meaning.
  • Magazine/ newspaper articles: magazine or newspaper articles can be narrative, descriptive or expository based on its contents. Expository type of articles contains arguments or thesis on any particular subject or person.

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  1. Argumentative texts: Argumentative texts are types of texts that uses facts and evidence to speculate and establish whether an argument is true or not.

In an argumentative text, you discuss a problem often with no obvious solution. It contains a ‘for’ and ‘against’ side of an issue of which the writers decide on one and gives his opinions backed up with facts and proofs.

  • Essays: argumentative essays are writings that consist of investigating and researching a topic, collecting data, with evidence and presenting it in a formal manner.
  • Speeches: the best example of an argumentative speech is that that is used in a debate where a person has to opt for a side of an issue and then providing arguments. 

Recap

Text Type

Purpose

Features

Example

Descriptive

Describe, reveal

§  Contains explanation and identification a matter

A description of a sunset, flower or nature in general.

narrative

Amuse, entertain

§  Narration of a story or some past event

A novel or autobiography.

expository

Provide facts, expose, explain

§  Lists arguments giving reasons and arguments for them

 

Report on a corrupt politician or public servant.

 

argumentative

Defend a position on a issue, debate

§  List arguments based on facts and findings

A team’s argument for a debate.

         

 

 

 

Quiz for Search for and retrieve information from various text types like News reports, Blurb, Dictionaries, etc.

Q.1

Look at the picture below and answer the questions that follow:

The below picture shows show timings for what time period?

a) 12 am to 3 am
b) 12 am to 3 pm
c) 12 pm to 3 am
d) 12 am to 3 am

Q.2

Look at the picture below and answer the questions that follow:

Which show will be aired by on SAB at 12 am?

a) Teleshopping
b) Sky Star advertising
c) Nagaichuvai Galatta
d) none of the above

Q.3

Look at the picture below and answer the questions that follow:

For how long, will India's got talent be played?

a) 30 minutes
b) 3 hours
c) 1 hours
d) 45 minutes

Q.4

Look at the picture below and answer the questions that follow:

The longest aired show will be hosted by which channel?

a) Sab
b) Sun TV
c) Colors
d) Set

Q.5

Look at the picture below and answer the questions that follow

The length of each TV show is?

a) 30 minutes
b) 1 hour
c) 2 hours
d) none of the above

Q.6

Look at the picture below and answer the questions that follow:

Where is the fee for arrears to be paid?

a) Administration office
b) Accounts section
c) Exam department
d) Anywhere in college

Q.7

Look at the picture below and answer the questions that follow:

When should the Hall tickets be collected?

a) A month before the exams
b) A week before the exam schedule is out
c) A week before the start of the exams
d) Whenever you want

Q.8

Look at the picture below and answer the questions that follow:

You can give exam for which subjects?

a) Which are mentioned in your admission form
b) Which are mentioned in the Hall ticket
c) Which the teacher approves of
d) either a or b

Q.9

Look at the picture below and answer the questions that follow:

When will a student be barred from taking an exam?

a) When he is absent
b) When he forgets his College ID card
c) When he forgets the Hall ticket.
d) either b or c

Q.10

Look at the picture below and answer the questions that follow

Why is it mandatory to bring Hall ticket and College ID card to the exam?

a) To confirm that you have paid the fees
b) To see how you really look like
c) To confirm your identity
d) To know which seat you have to sit.

Your Score: 0/10

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